2018年12月15日土曜日

【要点在这里】森林保护业务 2002.01.20

森林保护业务有可能扩大这一基础。 正如它所说, 家林是一片废墟。 森林的破坏, 如忽视、无照料伐木, 以及森林管理在眼睛中的明目张胆。 背景中对森林企业进行了极大的误判。 木材和阀门是由外国以低廉的价格供应的, 森林生意不可行, 被毁。 然而, 似乎能够建立成为具有经济激励的企业的微弱光线开始出现在森林企业中。

有几个原因。 首先, 绿色国内生产总值已开始将环境要求纳入国际经济指数 (国内生产总值)。 例如, 如果我们砍伐森林并将其出口到海外, 国内生产总值就会上升。 土壤流失和森林毁灭对生态系统的破坏以及二氧化碳的增加的代价并没有出现在 GCP 中。 考虑到对这一环境的负面影响, 这是对传统国内生产总值的重新思考。 此外, 基于 ISO14000 的森林认证制度, 如森林养护, 用于在排放交易系统中抑制二氧化碳结。 如果你读到这样的国际趋势, 就不可能像以往那样要求国外的廉价森林资源。 因此, 有效利用国内森林是不可避免的。

如何给经济、人力资源等稀缺的森林企业注入活力? 作为这位支持者出现的是具有管理能力的建筑和土木工程相关业务。 森林管理试验, 包括新的经济激励措施, 如森林养护和配套管理, 以及木材废料的回收利用、促进建筑材料的建设和排放交易。 除了一个项圈, 什么也没有, 把埃里莫角变成了一片富饶的森林, 重新获得了富饶的大海, 这是海带角渔民埃里莫的话。 "仅仅因为我们是渔民, 并不是我们只想到海洋, 而是海洋粗糙, 海洋粗糙。 我认为这从头部的核心。 我希望它成为这个企业的起源。

グリーンGNPは縮小中…。

<景気拡大だなんて…>

大いにモンダイ、変だぜ!
期間重視の中身のない「イザナギ景気越え」とかGNP(国民総生産)拡大とかはしゃ
いでいるも、数字のお遊びしかない…。
ごみ問題や自然破壊の拡大が増大するばかりなのだ。
グリーンGNPからみるとプラスどころかマイナス拡大中…で深刻な数字が出ている
ことを。

The market size of the environmental industry 920,000 milion USD in the past maximum 2018.07.17

The market size of the environmental industry in 104,219,900,000,000 yen, the report released on June 19, 2018 reported that the domestic environmental industry in FY2016 was estimated to be 104,219,900,000,000 yen (920,000 milion USD, up 3, 6% YoY), and the size of employment Increased by 2 ・ 6% to about 2.6 million people and the largest in the past. Compared with 2000, the ratio of the environmental industry in all industries increased by approximately 1.4 times, from 6, 1% to 10, 4% in 2000.The impact of Japan on economic growth is growing. The definition of the environmental industry is divided into the following four fields, "supplying products and services, contributing directly or indirectly to environmental protection and resource management, and contributing to the realization of a sustainable society".

(1) Prevention of environmental pollution.
(2) Measures against global warming.
(3) "waste disposal and effective use of resources".
(4) "Conservation of the natural environment". 

The market size was increased by 8% to 49,623,400,000,000 yen compared with the previous year (1). On the other hand, 33,258,700,000,000 yen (2), which has been towing the expansion of the environmental industry in recent years, declined by 2%. (3) 12,746,400,000,000 yen, down 0 ・ 2%. But (4) increased by 4% to 0% to 8,592,200,000,000 yen. 

Exports amounted to 11,313,300,000,000 yen, down 7% to 1%, and imports were estimated at 3,892,400,000,000 yen, down 3 and 6%. This report is also the main public demand, private demand, and small and medium-sized companies are not able to be denied that the survey has not reached, but the environmental industry of this country is steadily growing steady first of all. The expansion is expected in the third industrial sector, mainly in the service industry, the field for the purpose of securing energy and resources, and consumer goods and living items. The golden rule of the success of the environmental industry and business is the foundation of entrepreneurship on the extension line of our core businesses.

【要点在这里】英国环境顾问 1999.06.15

三年前, 当日本企业对环境 ISO 的兴趣不断增长时, 我们的海外网络客户英国环境顾问就说了这种话。 "当我们想到工厂和办公室环境的改善时, 我们防止空气污染的努力是非常先进的日本, 没有我们出来的行为。 就日本而言, 在严格的污染控制措施中, 与其他国家相比, 获得了优越的预防技术力量。 他说: "亚洲的空气污染预防业务从一开始就不局限于日本。 总之, "空中优势" 从一开始就在日本占有一席之地。 可以说, 这很奇怪。

随后, 他将与水处理有关的咨询意见植入日本市政府和工厂。 然而, 日本的结果现在似乎是一个结果。 其原因是 , 非竞争易是有阻碍的。 另一方面, 我听说它在亚洲取得了相当大的成果。 有一天, 我了解到, 在经合组织 (经济发展合作署) 的研究材料中, 解决发展中国家污染和环境问题的机会将是该国国内生产总值的指导方针。 当 GDP2000 美元实现后, 就顶部、底部、排水和废物的顺序进行了努力, 供水、排水、污水处理、废物和大气的顺序将为15000美元。 明白了。

目前, 他一直在日本积极提出 "环境会计", 同时咨询工厂的土地评估。 通过对土壤污染程度的调查分析, 优化包括厂址在内的厂址土地属性评价中的环境标准。 这让人看到了该公司愿意成为一家与外国有关联的环保企业。

顺便说一句, 环境 ISO、ESCO 商业和生态酒店等环境咨询已经相继登陆日本。 这也是日本企业环境考虑中的一个弱点。 这种趋势今后将继续下去。 与日本环保商业领域的技术相比, 人文市场约为1.5万亿日元的16倍。 要想成为一个 "环境国家", 就必须有这样一个与外国有联系的想法。

2018年12月14日金曜日

Green comsumer in Japan - from accusation to proposal 1998.03.15

The "boycott movement" was always at the root of the movement of the consumer group. However, a big change has occurred to the movement recently. By withdrawing the conventional boycott movement, the direction of intentionally buying environmentally friendly products (environmental products) has come out instead. It is the birth of a full-fledged green consumer.

The meaning of the conversion of this movement is large though it is the one which does the same current from "accusation type" in the environmental preservation movement to "proposal type". The standards for consumption behavior are being carried out by local consumer organizations.

For example, 

(1) the possibility of recycling.
(2) Possibility of environmental impact.
(3) safety.
(4) Use it to last longer. such as is the basis of the purchase.

These movements are reflected in the manufacturing of environmental products manufacturers and are the trigger to produce products with high environmental efficiency. On the other hand, it is a small and medium-sized company specializing in the environment business which offers many of the "sell" environmental products in the market now. Most of the companies have managers who have the idea of improving the environment. The delivery of the hit product is born only if there is a commitment to the environment, but there are not a few points to reflect on here. The management said, "There were so many products that only one agony product development was forgotten, and the business development with the needs of the market was kept in mind.

It came to be able to do the product planning that both sides finally matched. " The environmentally conscious consumer behavior of these products and the manufacturing and market research that complies with the environment of the selling side make the market of the environmental commodity a qualitative change and expand it. The environmental business market escaped the "cradle period" and entered the "growth period". On the other day, the environmental business Fair, held by 75 small and medium-sized companies in Tokyo, has further increased the items of environmental products reflecting the needs of the market. As a result, the good performance of the source company continues.

Increase in water demand by increasing temperature 1998.08.15

The National Land Agency announced a paper on water resources for the 98 fiscal year. This is the first analysis of the effects of global environmental changes on water resources. As the average temperature rises by 3 degrees C, water demand increases by 1.2-3.2%. If the increase is 2%, the new 340 million tons and 14 average dams will be required for daily water supply. In 1995, the amount of energy consumed in the development and use of water resources was 109 trillion kilocalories. It is said that it corresponds to the consumption fuel of 10 million vehicles of four wheels.

生态城(ecotown)业务 2002.06

"通过支持发展以私营企业为中心的领先回收设施, 生态泰的业务将继续积极发展, 作为一项国家政策, 以支持创建零废物城市, 并促进环境产业成为一个新的产业。 生态城镇业务将显示今年经济产业省环境预算分布的最大增长率。 今年, 去年增长了13亿日元。 以 "资源回收补贴" 为幌子, 今年的主要业务是 "对宠物瓶、塑料废塑料、废木等回收设施的补贴"。 过去, 生态城镇业务得到了全国 1 5个地点的认可。 我听说目前有50个地点, 该地区正准备申请生态城镇项目。 今年, 第一个 "富山生态城镇规划" 被经济产业省和环境部批准, 削减顶。 该业务的内容是用于包装塑料、塑料加工和农业中产生的废塑料的回收材料, 以及回收成胸罩材料的材料。 左边是转换为石油的过程。 促进 "混合废塑料回收利用", 该区域在没有废物的情况下使用。 此外, 我们还将建筑垃圾回收成高附加值的建筑材料, 以及当地房屋制造商使用的企业。 当我们看生态城镇业务的轮廓时, 我们将促进向铁路和航运的模式转变, 以建设静脉物流网络, 以及废物和服务回收、医疗废物和 pcb 解毒。 引入自然能源和更多。 未来, 生态城镇业务将加快发展, 实现区域循环型社会。 可以肯定的是, 它将在该地区创造第一个环保企业, 但这个问题能否作为盈利企业继续存在?

最強ボランティア団体って。

私にとって、地に足のついた軸のぶれない最強ボランティア団体だと思うのは、子育てを終えた50代主流の主婦らが参加する団体だ。
参加しているボランティア団体を「我が子を育てあげる気持ちでやっている」なんて主婦らが少なくないのだ。
一方お父さんらのボランティア団体は口先の警告・告発型で、どちらかと言うと「ええかっこしい」の直ぐに空中分解してしまうのが少なくなかった。
そんな印象が強く残っている。今でもボランティア団体を見る時の基準値になっている。
単発的な警告・告発でなくて、継続的なオルタナティブな提案と活動が大切であることを学んだ…。

適地技術 - 地域・分散・等身大 環境ビジネスここがポイント 1999.09.15

資源循環にしろ、自然環境の改善にしろ、これから地域社会での取り組みがますます重要視されてくる。たとえば廃棄物。地域から排出された廃棄物は地域で回収し、再資源化し、地域へ戻していく地域循環が基本だ。それが一番効率的だし、的確な取り組みができる。そうした地域社会での取り組みにおいて、大切なのは地域の特性を活かした制度や技術である。

とりわけ技術においては地域ならではの適地技術が必要である。地域によって取り組みがそれぞれ違えば、そこに活かされる対応技術は違ってくる。いま各地で、そうした適地技術が開発され、地域に貢献して地域の環境ビジネスとして地域の活性化の一翼を担いつつある。廃棄物の適正処理およびリサイクル技術、自然環境の浄化及び修復、自然エネルギー利用、環境共生施設、省エネルギー関連技術などいろいろ。

適地技術の特色を挙げれば、地域・分散・等身大である。言ってみれば地域対応で運転管理、メンテナンスが容易な小規模のローテクである。この分野でのビジネスチャンスは数多く残されている。その糸口になるのが各県や市町村の環境行動計画や条例など。それらを読み込むことが事業開発のヒントになるケースが少なくない。そして事業開発に連動した技術開発には地域の大学から技術移転したり、技術提携することがこれからのトレンド。産学官連携による地域の環境産業への創出へと向かう。結果として地域の資源循環、環境改善に役立つ。

2018年12月13日木曜日

A city mine (urban mine) is a treasure trove of rare metals... 2

“The way of recycling rather than foreign resource acquisition”

Smart the road of recycling than the acquisition of resources overseas-the gold contained in the phone and game consoles, etc. is 0.3%. On the other hand, it is said that the amount of harvesting from the natural ore 1 ton is 3-5%. The ratio is about 0.0003%. Other metals with high depletion are also gradually decreasing. The reason is that the ore with a lot of content is decreasing because it takes too much. Based on the current situation, eyes are on the effective use of urban mines where the amount of sampling is reliable. Moreover, it leads to the prevention of the pollution and the health damage of a local resident by the harmful substance to the environment by a large-scale mining, and the hazardous material at the time of harvesting. 


But hear the voices of Shing from the industry and some of the scholars. "Natural ore cannot be won in terms of cost". As a matter of fact, technology to lower the recycling costs of gold and silver and other rare metal recoveries is advancing rapidly. In the environment business, "recycling is a manufacturing industry with waste materials" and from the point of view, there are few successful cases where metal recovery from urban mines is a business. As a guide of Yokohama Metal, Tanaka Precious metals has expanded its base in earnest.

Urban mining is reusing, recycling and rebuilding raw materials from (the electrical and electronic waste of) the city.

Regional, distributed and life-size - strategy for circular economy 1999.09.15

In the future, efforts in the local community will become more and more important to the resource cycle and the improvement of the natural environment. For example, waste. Waste discharged from the region is collected in the region, recycled, and the regional circulation that returns to the region is basic. It is the most efficient and can do the proper work.

In such a community, the important thing is the system and the technology which makes the best use of the characteristic of the region. Especially in the technology, suitable suitability technology of the region is necessary. If each effort is different depending on the region, the corresponding technology to be utilized there will differ. Such suitable suitability technology is developed in various places now, and it contributes to the region, and it is playing a part of the revitalization of the region as an environmental business in the region. Various types of waste disposal and recycling technologies, natural environment purification and restoration, natural energy utilization, environmental symbiosis facilities, energy-saving related technologies, etc. 

The characteristics of suitable technology are regional, distributed and life-size. It is a small low-tech that is easy to manage and maintain in regional correspondence. There are many business opportunities in this area. The each province and municipal environmental action plans and ordinances are the clues. There are a few cases where it becomes a hint of business development to read them. The trend in the future is to transfer technology from a local university to technology development linked to business development. Toward the creation of regional environmental industry by industry-academia-government collaboration. As a result, it helps to circulate resources in the region and improve the environment.

Dye-sensitized solar cells 1998.12.15

Dye-sensitized solar cells are actively being researched in Europe and the United States and Australia as a favorite of next-generation solar cells that cover the weaknesses of the current mainstream solar cell. The structure is to hear two conductive glass electrodes, a thin film of titanium dioxide is an oxide semiconductor, a dye that is referred to as ruthenium complexes, the oxidation-reduction electrolyte solution mainly composed of iodine buyeo in order, the light is converted into electricity by the photoelectrochemical reaction of the three-layer question. Using a sensitizing dye to absorb visible light as much as possible, a porous titanium dioxide captures the electrons that light hits the fly. The basic structure of the Switzerland MP was about 10% of the conversion efficiency achieved in 1991 by Prof. Greg of the University of Technology at Lausanne, Switzerland Federal Institute of Technology, Research and development, The Joint research group of the Max Planck Institute of Germany increased the conversion efficiency to 33% by adopting a positive charge to the electrolyte efficiently. Sealing of the electrolyte solution to practical use, although the technical issues such as functional maintenance measures are left, after both the main raw material is inexpensive, because it is not necessary also takusaivalent manufacturing equipment, it is estimated that it can be produced at about 70 yen per watt, already material department, It attracts expectations of related manufacturers such as automobiles.

【要点在这里】废物是 "第二资源" 或 "流通资源" - 资源服务公司业务 2000.07.15

在废物回收中, 作为废物协调 (中介和中介) 工作的新业务被认为是一个很有希望的业务。 它是一种将从每个营业场所排出的废物作为有价值的材料提供给每个必要的商业场所作为资源的服务。 此外, 还要求它确保必要的废物以及收集这些材料的情况。 当我们考虑到一个有限的资源问题时, 将这些废物作为资源联系起来的企业正在为每个行业建立。 海上的互联网网站可以看到以前的废物交易的例子。 认为废物是 "第二资源" 或 "流通资源" 是常识。

在以往的饮食中, 颁布了五场循环法, 从回收社会的基本立法入手。 预计它将成为有效利用废物的经济激励措施。

随着利用各种经营活动中排放的废料作为资源的理念的推进, 科学的回收利用方法, 以及供需的精确匹配, 作为一个新的业务的扩张, 并不是一个传统的废物处理行业。 这种商业模式的出现, 开始在发展区域循环社会和振兴各地地方工业方面发挥作用。

跨公司的废物回收集群可以降低个别公司的废物处置成本, 也可以通过利用废物降低生产成本或利润。 由于维珍资源未来的价格上涨是预测的, 废物回收不仅是资源和环境的考虑因素, 也是管理战略的一个重要问题。 因此, 废物协调员获得了一个重要的位置。 在能源领域有一个 ESCO 业务, 但最好有一个广义的Resource Service Company(资源服务公司)业务, 包括废物协调。